[zfs-discuss] zvol with dedupe space accounting

Ray Pating ray.pating at gmail.com
Fri Feb 26 10:09:05 EST 2016

This is what is being done with the work on Metadata vdevs. The ability to
offload the DDT to striped mirror vdevs means that you no longer need them
as much in RAM.
On Feb 26, 2016 6:29 PM, "Alex 'CAVE' Cernat via zfs-discuss" <
zfs-discuss at list.zfsonlinux.org> wrote:

> On 25/2/2016 11:07 PM, Edward Ned Harvey (zfsonlinux) wrote:
> That being said, in my experience, zfs deduplication performs terribly, consumed **great** **gobs** of memory, and fails ungracefully when the system gets low on memory. So there's literally no situation that I would recommend anyone to use it. It's great theoretically, but never got developed enough to be good in practice, because of the Sun implosion and loss of funding for zfs development and close-sourcing of zfs.
> Compression, on the other hand, works so well, there's **almost** no situation where I would advise having it disabled.
> indeed, zfs deduplication is wonderful, is sublime, but if the
> deduplication hash table doesn't fit in the memory you will wish you've
> never heard about it :-P
> initially I looked as holy grail (in theory), but forgot about it after
> extensive tests
> IIRC the 'standard' memory consumption is about 5 GB of memory per 1 TB of
> data; but, because the deduplication table can fill only 25% of the memory,
> you need 20 GB of memory per 1 TB of data (
> http://constantin.glez.de/blog/2011/07/zfs-dedupe-or-not-dedupe); 'huge'
> is not enough said, it's catastrophic :-P
> IMHO, the deduplication table should be stored somehow separately in
> memory (so the limit of 1/4 of ARC should not count). Also to be stored
> separately on a SSD (maybe with backup on 'normal' drives).
> But it's easy to speak theoretically, without deep knowledge of zfs
> structure, so let's not throw the stone!
> Microsuxx in windows 12 has an interesting approach of deduplication.
> AFAIK it's made 'offline' (i.e. 'cron' based). Let's not compare those
> implementations, both have good points and issues, so we don't compare
> apples and oranges.
> I don't see any reason not to implement compression (I've read an article
> about installing mysql even on an gzip compressed volume, it's kinda
> shocking first, but if you read it from start to end you can understand the
> logic).
> But when in doubt, use lz4 compression, it's very lightweight, and it fall
> back rapidly if it 'detects' small compression rate. So the overhead is
> really negligible.
> Alex
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